Monday, May 6, 2019

Multi Plate Multi Lens Daguerreotype Panorama Plus...

  I haven’t posted much lately, because I’ve been experimenting non-stop with a few new daguerreotype techniques, and however promising the results are looking so far, those experiments are slow going, and I’ll release at least part of it hopefully soon.   But here’s something I thought up and was able to execute in a relatively speedy manner, which I believe warrants a look.  I don’t believe this method of making a panoramic image has ever been utilized before, so I’m dubbing it ‘Antorama’.

Botanical Building and Reflecting Pool at Balboa Park
7 4x5 plate antorama, 4 lenses

  The point of the antorama is to use variable focal lengths to achieve shortening or lengthening in appearance of a scene within multiple frames of a view, in order to bring distant objects closer or to be able to see more of those near the camera.  Of course, by all means one doesn’t have to do execute the antorama in daguerreotype format. As a challenge though, I don’t believe there’s a greater one out there.  Ever since 19th century a multiple plate daguerreotype panorama (made in the usual way, with same lens for all plates) has been referred to as the ultimate technical challenge in photography.  Daguerreotype plates are made on highly polished silver plates, which are sensitized with fumes of iodine and bromine, and developed in fumes of mercury.  Matching all those steps over multiple plates, and getting same tonality and contrast from one plate to another is a task unlike any other I know of in photography.  You don’t have to take my word for it, but using multiple lenses adds a whole extra level of fun to the pursuit.  So, focal lengths in millimeters of lenses used for above 4x5in plates from left to right are 120, 150, 180, 210, 180, 150, 120.

  Due to daguerreotype being a UV-sensitive medium, various lens coatings used by different companies through the decades (and I also suspect the thickness of glass and the number of elements that light has to travel though) make lenses give surprisingly different exposures when all are set to same f-value.   I suppose that having a full set of same type of lenses would help here, but I had to work with what I had, so it took me a few experimental plates (shown below) to match exposures of Schneider 150 Xenotar, Rodenstock Sironar 180, and Fujinon-W 210.  However, after the first go at above view, I understood that 5 plates weren’t going to be enough, as the composition ended rather anticlimactically on both ends.  I then decided to add a frame with 120mm Schneider 120-XL on both sides, which showed parts of the promenade walkways and made it into an approximately 220°view.  Based on previous experience with the other three, I guessed the exposure for this lens and luckily got both end plates on first try.  

4x5 Daguerreotype Test of 3 lenses (shown not gilded)

 For the above 7-plate antorama to be as I envisioned, the sun needed to be out at 1pm, which is normally something you can bet your bottom dollar on in San Diego from about March to November. I won’t go into details of how much frustration was added by climate change, and the fact that it seems that these past two weeks have been the cloudiest and rainiest ever for this time of year here. Anyhow, while waiting for right atmospheric conditions I decided to capture a slightly less ambitious 3-plate view of San Diego Coronado Bridge, this time with just one plate per lens (again, 150, 180, 210).  

San Diego - Coronado Bridge
3 4x5in plate antorama, 3 lenses

  These two compositions took a fair amount of effort and polishing hours.   At one point, a few days ago, I was going at it for a while and my shoulder got tired.  I didn’t want to stop working, so, to switch gears, I decided to see if I can pull off another minor ‘first ever’, but this time with an easier medium that can be done on the fly – wet plate collodion tintype.  During my Grand Canyon trips earlier in the year, I saw more than enough tourists wielding phones propped upon those ubiquitous selfie sticks.  Let us not address here the impact of those sticks on user’s experience of his/her surroundings and the narcissistic tendencies driving their sales, but among social media groups a while back people jokingly speculated if this concept can be applied to collodion.  Most people expressed doubt because of the usual understanding of collodion as being a slow methodical technique, which requires long exposures and steady tripods with heavy cameras upon them (though lately people have been using anything from Kodak folders to tin cans to make images with).  I don’t recall however anyone every actually going for it and trying it out.  Well, no time like a break from polishing daguerreotypes to try something new. 
  To imitate the wide angle lens of a cell phone I chose the Burke and James 4x5 Orbitar camera, which comes with a 65mm Schneider Super Angulon.  Having the top speed of f8, that lens wasn’t exactly ideal, but I figured that with my relatively fresh collodion and somewhat healthy silver bath, I should be able to get near ISO 1 speed, which in direct sun would give a proper exposure of 1/4sec at f8.  Yeah, holding a 4x5 outstretched on a tripod as a selfie stick for 1/4sec is not exactly something you do when you want for sure to get a sharp image, but I did all right on the first try and the image turned out rather sharp, but a bit on the dark side.  I guess my silver wasn’t as good and collodion did age in the fridge over the 4 months that I’ve had it in there…  So, 1/2sec was the next try.  I held my breath, squeezed the cable release and voila: what I strongly believe to be the first ever hand held collodion selfie.  

4x5 Handheld Wet Plate Collodion Selfie
(phone copy of plate while still wet)

Burke & James 4x5 Orbitar camera and my 'selfie stick'

  I’ve been working on daguerreotypes for a few months now almost non-stop.  There’s something I’m experimenting with which I cannot yet reveal, but do stay tuned as results are coming along.   While in and out the darkroom I kept running into my good friend and an amazing videographer Justin Edelman, whose office is in the neighboring building.  I’ve known Justin for close to a decade now, and over that time period he’s gone from excellent to amazing.  The best thing is that he doesn’t stop pushing himself in terms of technique and vision.  He’s been planning on making a clip about my daguerreotype work, but lots of things are on his plate and time didn’t come around until now, which is actually great, because now we were able to catch a few of the latest experiments in process (though you don’t see a lot of it there).  Justin also keeps up very well with the latest gear, so we combined making of the below clip with his mastering the brand new camera he just got and that amazing tracking slider, which made the last long cut of the clip be truly special. If Justin was able to do this as a test clip, imagine the quality of the product you would get if you hire the guy...  Thank you Justin!

 Thank you for reading.  Back to the darkroom for me, the other daguerreotype techniques are calling to be transferred from dream to reality. This year marks 180 anniversary of invention of daguerreotype, so I really think it's time for that technique to be explored beyond that which has been done so far. 


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